Help:Formatting

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You can format your text by using wiki markup. This consists of normal characters like asterisks, apostrophes or equal signs which have a special function in the wiki, sometimes depending on their position. For example, to format a word in italic, you include it in two pairs of apostrophes like ''this''.

Text formatting markup

Description You type You get
Character (inline) formatting – applies anywhere
Italic text
''italic''
italic
Bold text
'''bold'''
bold
Bold and italic
'''''bold & italic'''''
bold & italic
Strike text
<strike>strike text</strike>
strike text
Escape wiki markup
<nowiki>no ''markup''</nowiki>
no ''markup''
Escape wiki markup once
[[Laboratory]]<nowiki/> equipment
Laboratory equipment
Section formatting – only at the beginning of the line
Headings of different levels

==Level 2==

===Level 3===

====Level 4====

=====Level 5=====

======Level 6======


  • Skip Level 1; it is page name level.
  • An article with four or more headings automatically creates a table of contents.

<xh2>Level 2</xh2>

<xh3>Level 3</xh3>

<xh4>Level 4</xh4>

<xh5>Level 5</xh5>

<xh6>Level 6</xh6>

Horizontal rule
Text before
----
Text after
Text before

Text after

Bullet list
* Start each line
* with an asterisk (*).
** More asterisks give deeper
*** and deeper levels.
* Line breaks <br />don't break levels.
*** But jumping levels creates empty space.
Any other start ends the list.
  • Start each line
  • with an asterisk (*).
    • More asterisks give deeper
      • and deeper levels.
  • Line breaks
    don't break levels.
      • But jumping levels creates empty space.

Any other start ends the list.

Numbered list
# Start each line
# with a number sign (#).
## More number signs give deeper
### and deeper
### levels.
# Line breaks <br />don't break levels.
### But jumping levels creates empty space.
# Blank lines

# end the list and start another.
Any other start also
ends the list.
  1. Start each line
  2. with a number sign (#).
    1. More number signs give deeper
      1. and deeper
      2. levels.
  3. Line breaks
    don't break levels.
      1. But jumping levels creates empty space.
  4. Blank lines
  1. end the list and start another.

Any other start also ends the list.

Definition list
;item 1
: definition 1
;item 2
: definition 2-1
: definition 2-2

Begin with a semicolon. One item per line; a new line can appear before the colon, but using a space before the colon improves parsing.
item 1
definition 1
item 2
definition 2-1
definition 2-2
Indent text
: Single indent
:: Double indent
::::: Multiple indent

This workaround may harm accessibility.
Single indent
Double indent
Multiple indent
Mixture of different types of list
# one
# two
#* two point one
#* two point two
# three
#; three item one
#: three def one
# four
#: four def one
#: this looks like a continuation
#: and is often used
#: instead <br />of <nowiki><br /></nowiki>
# five
## five sub 1
### five sub 1 sub 1
## five sub 2

The usage of #: and *: for breaking a line within an item may also harm accessibility.
  1. one
  2. two
    • two point one
    • two point two
  3. three
    three item one
    three def one
  4. four
    four def one
    this looks like a continuation
    and is often used
    instead
    of <br />
  5. five
    1. five sub 1
      1. five sub 1 sub 1
    2. five sub 2
Preformatted text
 Start each line with a space.
 Text is '''preformatted''' and
 ''markups'' '''''can''''' be done.

This way of preformatting only applies to section formatting. Character formatting markups are still effective.
Start each line with a space.
Text is preformatted and
markups can be done.
Preformatted text blocks
 <nowiki>Start with a space in the first column,
(before the <nowiki>).

Then your block format will be
    maintained.
 
This is good for copying in code blocks:

def function():
    """documentation string"""

    if True:
        print True
    else:
        print False</nowiki>
 Start with a space in the first column,
(before the <nowiki>).

Then your block format will be
    maintained.

This is good for copying in code blocks:

def function():
    """documentation string"""

    if True:
        print True
    else:
        print False

Paragraphs and line breaks

MediaWiki ignores single line breaks. To start a new paragraph, leave an empty line:

You type You get
A single newline
generally has no effect on the layout.
These can be used to separate
sentences within a paragraph.
Some editors find that this aids editing
and improves the ''diff'' function
(used internally to compare
different versions of a page).

But an empty line
starts a new paragraph.

When used in a list, a newline ''does'' affect the layout (see above).

A single newline generally has no effect on the layout. These can be used to separate sentences within a paragraph. Some editors find that this aids editing and improves the diff function (used internally to compare different versions of a page).

But an empty line starts a new paragraph.

When used in a list, a newline does affect the layout (see above).

If necessary, you can force a line break within a paragraph with the HTML tag <br />:

You type You get
You can break lines<br />
without a new paragraph.<br />
Please use this sparingly.

You can break lines
without a new paragraph.
Please use this sparingly.

HTML tags

Some HTML tags are allowed in MediaWiki, for example <code>, <div>, <span> and <font>. These apply anywhere you insert them.

Description You type You get
Inserted
(Displays as underline in most browsers)
<ins>Inserted</ins>

or

<u>Underline</u>

Inserted

or

Underline

Deleted
(Displays as strikethrough in most browsers)
<s>Struck out</s>

or

<del>Deleted</del>

Struck out

or

Deleted

Fixed width text
<code>Source code</code>

or

<tt>Fixed width text</tt>

Source code

or

Fixed width text

Superscripts and subscripts
X<sup>2</sup>, H<sub>2</sub>O

X2, H2O

Line breaks
You can break lines<br />
without a new paragraph.<br />
Please use this sparingly.

You can break lines
without a new paragraph.
Please use this sparingly.

Blockquotes
Text before
<blockquote>Blockquote</blockquote>
Text after

Text before

Blockquote

Text after

Completely preformatted text
<pre> Text is '''preformatted''' and 
''markups'' '''''cannot''''' be done</pre>

For marking up of preformatted text, check the "Preformatted text" entry at the end of the previous table.
 Text is '''preformatted''' and 
''markups'' '''''cannot''''' be done
Customized preformatted text
<pre style="color: red">
Text is '''preformatted''' 
with a style and 
''markups'' '''''cannot''''' be done
</pre>

A CSS style can be named within the style property.
Text is '''preformatted''' 
with a style and 
''markups'' '''''cannot''''' be done

continued:

Description You type You get
Customized preformatted text with text wrap according to available width
<pre style="white-space: pre-wrap; 
white-space: -moz-pre-wrap; 
white-space: -pre-wrap; 
white-space: -o-pre-wrap; 
word-wrap: break-word;">
This long sentence is used to demonstrate text wrapping. This additional sentence makes the text even longer.
</pre>
This long sentence is used to demonstrate text wrapping. This additional sentence makes the text even longer.
Preformatted text with text wrap according to available width
<code>
This long sentence is used to demonstrate text wrapping. This additional sentence makes the text even longer.
</code>

This long sentence is used to demonstrate text wrapping. This additional sentence makes the text even longer.

Leading spaces to preserve formatting
 Putting a space at the
 beginning of each
 line stops the text   
 from being
 reformatted.  It still 
 interprets [[Help:MediaWiki basics/Introduction to MediaWiki and wikis|wiki]]
 ''markup'' and special
 characters: →
Putting a space at the
beginning of each
line stops the text   
from being
reformatted.  It still 
interprets wiki
markup and special
characters: &rarr;

Links

Description You type You get
Internal links
Here's a link to a page named [[Cell counter]].
You can even say [[cell counter]]s
and the link will show up correctly.

You can put formatting around a link.
Example: ''[[Laboratory informatics]]''.

The ''first letter'' of articles is automatically
capitalized, so [[laboratory informatics]] goes to the same place
as [[Laboratory informatics]]. Capitalization matters after the
first letter.

You can link to a page section by its title:
[[Laboratory information management system#Technology]]

You can make the text appearing on an internal link different from the article title:
[[Laboratory information management system#Technology|technology of LIMS]]

If you wish to link to a category, add a colon in front:
[[:Category:Limspec Wiki help documentation]]

Here's a link to a page named Cell counter. You can even say cell counters and the link will show up correctly.

You can put formatting around a link. Example: Laboratory informatics.

The first letter of articles is automatically capitalized, so laboratory informatics goes to the same place as Laboratory informatics. Capitalization matters after the first letter.

You can link to a page section by its title: Laboratory information management system#Technology

You can make the text appearing on an internal link different from the article title: technology of LIMS

If you wish to link to a category, add a colon in front: Category:Limspec Wiki help documentation

External links
You can make an external link just by typing a URL:
http://clinfowiki.org

You can give it a title:
[http://clinfowiki.org ClinfoWiki.org]

Or leave the title blank:
[http://clinfowiki.org]

Linking to an e-mail address works the same way:
mailto:someone@example.com or 
[mailto:someone@example.com someone]

You can make an external link just by typing a URL: http://clinfowiki.org

You can give it a title: ClinfoWiki.org

Or leave the title blank: [1]

Linking to an e-mail address works the same way: mailto:someone@example.com or someone

Other formatting and tools

Description You type You get
Mathematical formulas
<math>\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}</math>
<math>\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}</math>
Comment
<!-- This is a comment -->
Comments are only visible 
in the edit zone.

Comments are only visible in the edit zone.

Signing talk page comments
You should "sign" your comments 
on talk pages: <br>
- Three tildes gives your
signature: ~~~ <br>
- Four tildes give your 
signature plus date/time: ~~~~ <br>
- Five tildes gives the 
date/time alone: ~~~~~

You should "sign" your comments on talk pages:
- Three tildes gives your signature: Shawn Douglas
- Four tildes give your signature plus date/time: Shawn Douglas 13:45, 23 October 2013 (EDT)
- Five tildes gives the date/time alone: 13:45, 23 October 2013 (EDT)

Page redirects
#REDIRECT [[Laboratory informatics]]

You use redirects most often on pages with incorrect or outdated page titles. You simply copy or remove the existing content, paste this code in, and change the internal link text to the title of the article you wish to automatically redirect users to.
#REDIRECT Laboratory informatics

Inserting media and tables

For more on these topics, see the LIMSwiki-hosted Help:MediaWiki basics/Intermediate training.

Inserting templates, citations, and category tags

For more on these topics, see the LIMSwiki-hosted Help:MediaWiki basics/Advanced training.

Inserting symbols

Symbols and other special characters not available on your keyboard can be inserted through a special sequence of characters. Those sequences are called HTML entities. For example, the following sequence (entity) &rarr; when inserted will be shown as right arrow HTML symbol → and &mdash; when inserted will be shown as an em dash HTML symbol —.


Hover over any character to find out the symbol that it produces. Some symbols not available in the current font will appear as empty squares.
HTML symbol entities
Á á Â â ´ Æ æ À à Α α & Å å Ã ã Ä ä Β β ¦ Ç ç ¸ ¢
Χ χ ˆ © ¤ ° Δ δ ÷ É é Ê ê È è Ε ε Η η
Ð ð Ë ë ƒ ½ ¼ ¾ Γ γ > Í í Î î ¡ Ì ì Ι ι
¿ Ï ï Κ κ Λ λ « < ¯ µ · Μ μ  
¬ Ñ ñ Ν ν Ó ó Ô ô Œ œ Ò ò Ω ω Ο ο ª º Ø ø Õ õ Ö
ö Φ φ Π π ϖ ± £ Ψ ψ " » ® Ρ ρ
Š š § ­ Σ σ ς ¹ ² ³ ß Τ τ Θ θ ϑ Þ þ ˜
× Ú ú Û û Ù ù ¨ ϒ Υ υ Ü ü Ξ ξ Ý ý ¥ ÿ Ÿ Ζ ζ
Description You type You get
Copyright symbol
&copy;
©
Greek delta letter symbol
&delta;
δ
Euro currency symbol
&euro;

See the list of all HTML entities on the Wikipedia article List of XML and HTML character entity references. Additionally, MediaWiki supports two non-standard entity reference sequences: &רלמ; and &رلم; which are both considered equivalent to &rlm; which is a right-to-left mark. (Used when combining right-to-left languages with left-to-right languages in the same page.)

HTML tags and symbol entities displayed themselves (with and without interpreting them)

&amp;euro;  → &euro;
<span style="color: red; text-decoration: line-through;">Typo to be corrected</span>  → Typo to be corrected
&lt;span style="color: red; text-decoration: line-through;">Typo to be corrected&lt;/span>  → <span style="color: red; text-decoration: line-through;">Typo to be corrected</span>

Nowiki for HTML

<nowiki /> can prohibit (HTML) tags:

  • <<nowiki />pre>  → <pre>

But not & symbol escapes:

  • &<nowiki />amp;  → &

To print & symbol escapes as text, use "&amp;" to replace the "&" character (eg. type "&amp;nbsp;", which results in "&nbsp;").

Formatting help

Beyond the text formatting markup shown on this page, here are some other formatting references:

You can find more help documentation at Category:Limspec Wiki help documentation.